Would you like to know how to read all the information on an animal’s registration paper?
The following information defines a registration paper from the American Jersey Cattle Club and helps explain what information may be found on your cow’s registration paperwork. (For more technical detail: Reading-Official-Performance-Pedigree.pdf )
WHAT THIS ALL MEANS:
- Gender – Specifies female or male.
- Also will mark if the animal is a TWIN. NOTE = Male-Male twins OR female-female twins are usually okay, with one being more dominant/strong and one being weaker. Male-female twins will most likely produce a freemartin, which means the female does not have all her female parts, therefore cannot have babies/produce milk. Basically, they are a steer at birth, though from the outside you may see all signs that she is a female. A genetic test can verify if a female is suspected of being a freemartin – an example is GeneSeek: https://www.geneticvisions.net/freemartin-new.aspx
- Embryo Transfer (“-ET”) – Animal was born from a “surrogate mother” and “Parentage Verified” shows that DNA analysis proved the correct parentage.
- “Queen-Acres” – is the name of the FARM that BRED/OWNED the cow originally. If Queen-Acres was at the END of the name, the farm likely bought the mother of the cow and the cow was born at the farm, though not bred by the farm.
- “Blaze” – Generally, after the farm name is the short name of the SIRE. Blaze is short for Valleystream Beretta Blaze-ET, and most farms follow this rule, which allows other dairy farmers to instantly know who the sire of any animal is. This is very helpful to compare heifers and cows from different genetics, to know whether or not the bull is a good sire!
- “Windy” – The name of the cow. Most dairy farms (sorry, not this cow) like to keep one letter of the alphabet for a particular cow family. For example, my first cow was ROSE. So, her descendants are: Rosebud, Rosalie, Rosalind, Rosie, Ruby, Rosemary, Rizelle, etc. This way a farmer can easily keep track of which family the cows are from on the maternal side.
- Born: Birthdate of animal.
- If you want to show the animal, you will want to look for an animal born in MARCH, JUNE, SEPTEMBER, or DECEMBER (see chart below). Calves and young cows are separated by four seasonal classes for showing in groups. Therefore, a FALL HEIFER may be born from September 1st through November 30th. Most likely, a 9-1 calf will be larger than a 11-30 heifer, which is a benefit to showing heifers (although does not tend to correlate AT ALL with who becomes a good cow!)
- Tattoo: Required by the breed association for individual identification.
- QA = Queen-Acres
- 979 is that cow’s individual number from the whole herd.
- The tattoo shows up as QA979/QA979 meaning she has a tattoo in BOTH ears.
- If the paperwork showed _______/QA979, it would mean the tattoo was only in the cow’s LEFT ear.
- QA979/______ would then imply a herd tattoo in only the cow’s RIGHT ear.
- Note, Brucellosis vaccination is often marked in the right ear via tattoo and is not animal-specific for identification purposes (meaning, that tattoo will tell you nothing about a cow except the year the vaccine was given. If the animal has a metal or RFID tag in the ear, this can help track the animal’s identity if the proper paperwork still exists.
- “Registration Number” is individual to that animal. If you ever transfer an animal or that animal has a calf you want to register, or if you set up DHIA records or need to talk to someone about the cow, that is the number they need.
NOTE: Under “Date of Sale” – This is the official date the animal changed ownership. If showing a heifer, make sure you look up show regulations on when the animal needs to be in your ownership or you may not be able to show!
“Not Serviced” – Means the cow was either sold open or no service information was noted when the transfer was processed by the seller. In this cow’s case, she was sold as bred to a bull, but the previous owner (After Queen-Acres, but before us) had never gotten registration information on the bull. So, we just had no information to put on the paperwork. If your cow is confirmed pregnant at the time of sale, try to get the previous owner to put the sire information and breeding date on the paperwork. This will be very, very helpful if you end up with a heifer calf you need to register!
- Valleystream Beretta Blaze-ET = SIRE’s registered name. Short name = Blaze, which is what you would refer to in general or if you wanted to look his information up on NAAB: https://www.naab-css.org/databases (Click on cross reference database)
- ET = Blaze was also an ET, like his daughter.
- JECAN = He was a Jersey (JE) sire registered in Canada (CAN), so the number 139414 only refers to Jersey Canada (www.jerseycanada.com, go to “pedigree search”)
- 72JE21 = His individual sire code. You can read up more on our breeding page: OR check out NAAB again.
- SHF Barber Breeze = Windy’s mother’s registered name
- USA = registered through the American Jersey Cattle Association
- S602 = left ear tattoo
Hopefully, the person selling you the animal will take care of the transfer of your cow. A seller is supposed to pay for the transfer fee, and seller permission is required for transfer, so best to get either their signature on the back of the registration paper or confirmation they will submit the information online.
If you are sending in the information yourself, I have included some notes to help you out:
You may or may not get a three generation pedigree sheet. (You can buy more for $3.00 at www.infojersey.com, or you can just access the information online for free and print off for your records.) If you do, here are some notes on what this information is:
- For more on information about appraisal numbers, see: Dairy Cattle Appraisal (Check out her conformation!)
- For more on DHIA/milk records, see: Milk Records
- For more on sire information and all those numbers, see: AI & Breeding Info